1. a change in attitude to women's right to privacy.
2. retaining the anti-abortion laws with some exceptions.
3. scrapping of anti-abortion laws.
4. strengthening of the pro-life lobby.
a change in attitude to women's right to privacy.
1. that private companies do not produce new varieties and inputs entirely on their own research.
2. that almost all technological improvements are based on knowledge and experience accumulated fromthe past.
3. the complementary role of public-and private-sector research.
4. that knowledge repositories are primarily the scientific community and its academic publications.
the complementary role of public-and private-sector research.
1. major patriarchal religions
2. countries with low population density.
3. medical profession
4. None of the above.
None of the above.
1. Include IPR issues in the TRIPs agreement.
2. Nationalise MNCs engaged in private research in biotechnology.
3. Encourage domestic firms to patent their innovations.
4. Make provisions in the law for user compensation against failure of newly developed varieties.
Make provisions in the law for user compensation against failure of newly developed varieties.
1. Indian historian began writing Indian history.
2. Trained historians began writing Indian history
3. Writing India-centric Indian history began.
4. Indian history began to be written in India.
Trained historians began writing Indian history
1. Development of newer and newer varieties will lead to increase in biodiversity.
2. MNCs may underplay the negative consequences of the newer technology on environment.
3. Newer varieties of seeds may increase vulnerability of crops to pests and diseases.
4. Reforms in patent laws and user compensation against crop failures would be needed to address newtechnology problems.
Development of newer and newer varieties will lead to increase in biodiversity.
1. address the problem of adverse consequences of genetically engineered new varieties of grain.
2. fulfil the WTO requirement to have an agreement on trade related property rights.
3. provide incentives to innovators by way of protecting their intellectual property.
4. give credibility to the innovations made by MNCs in the field of pharmaceuticals and agriculture.
provide incentives to innovators by way of protecting their intellectual property.
1. Dig afresh or dig deeper.
2. Start a new stream of thought or help establish a recently emerged perspective.
3. Begin or conduct further work on existing archeological sites to unearth new evidence.
4. Begin writing a history free of any biases.
Begin writing a history free of any biases.
1. Public research is not driven by profit motive.
2. Private companies may not be able to absorb losses arising out of the negative effects of the new technologies.
3. Unlike new technology products, knowledge and techniques for resource management are not amenable to simple market transactions.
4. All of the above.
All of the above.
1. attitudes of the historian changed.
2. the Raj was settled down.
3. politics did not retain its past glamour.
4. administrative history was based on solid ground .
the Raj was settled down.