Reasoning - Statement And Argument

Statements: Should young entrepreneurs be encouraged? Arguments: I. Yes. They will help in industrial development of the country. II. Yes. They will reduce the burden on employment market.

A.  if only argument I is strong

B.  if only argument II is strong

C.  if either I or II is strong

D.  if neither I nor II is strong and

E.  if both I and II are strong.

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

if both I and II are strong.



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Statement: Should judiciary be independent of the executive? Arguments: I. Yes. This would help curb the unlawful activities of the executive. II. No. It leads to wastage of resources.

A.  if only argument I is strong

B.  if only argument II is strong

C.  if either I or II is strong

D.  if neither I nor II is strong and

E.  if both I and II are strong.

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

if only argument I is strong



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

P: The conditions of all the major roads in the city have deteriorated causing hardship to motorists. Q: The municipal authority have sanctioned significant amount to repair all the major roads in the city.

A.  if statement (P) is the cause and statement (Q) is its effect.

B.  if statement (Q) is the cause and statement (P) is its effect.

C.  if both the statements (P) and (Q) are independent causes.

D.  if both the statements (P) and (Q) are effects of independent causes.

E.  if both the statements (P) and (Q) are effects of some common cause.

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

if statement (P) is the cause and statement (Q) is its effect.



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Statement: Gambling through lotteries is banned by central government in all the states with immediate effect. Assumptions: I. This may save innocent citizens from getting cheated of their hard earned money. II. The citizens may not gamble in any other way if the lotteries are banned.

A.  if only assumption I is implicit.

B.  if only assumption II is .implicit.

C.  if either assumption I or II is implicit.

D.  if neither assumption I nor II is implicit.

E.  if both assumptions I and II are implicit.

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

if only assumption I is implicit.



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Statements: Should octroi be abolished? Arguments: I. Yes. It will eliminate an important source of corruption. II. No. It will adversely affect government revenues.

A.  if only argument I is strong

B.  if only argument II is strong

C.  if either I or II is strong

D.  if neither I nor II is strong and

E.  if both I and II are strong.

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

if both I and II are strong.



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

(A) A substantial increase in the unhealthy competition has been observed among the students. (B) A rise of 23% is reported every year in the cases of suicides after declaration of grade 10thand 12th examination results.

A.  if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.

B.  if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.

C.  if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.

D.  if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.

E.  if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of some common cause.

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Statement: Many political activists have decided to stage demonstrations and block traffic movement in the city during peak hours to protest against the steep rise in prices of essential commodities. Courses of action: I. The Govt should immediately ban all forms 9f agitations in the country. II. The police authority of the city should deploy additional forces all over the city to help traffic movement in the city. III. The state administration should carry out  preventive arrests of the known criminals staying in the city.

A.  OnlyI

B.  OnlyII

C.  OnlyIII

D.  Only I and II

E.  None of these

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

OnlyII



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Statements: Some grapes are apples. Some apples are papayas. All papayas are mangoes. Noman go is banana. Conclusions: I. No banana is papaya. II. Some apples are mangoes.III. Some bananas are grapes. IV. No banana is grape.

A.  Only I and II follow

B.  Only either III or IV follows

C.  Only I and either III or IV follow

D.  I, II and either III or IV follow

E.  None of these

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

I, II and either III or IV follow



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Statements: All flowers are trees. Some trees are stars. Some stars are clouds. No cloud is rock. Conclusions: I. No rock is star. II. Some stars are flowers.III. Some rocks are flowers. IV. Some rocks are stars.

A.  None follows

B.  Only either I or IV follows

C.  Only I follow

D.  Only III & IV follow

E.  All follow

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

Only either I or IV follows



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Statements: Some pens are stands. Some stands are containers. All containers are boxes. All boxes are drawers. Conclusions:  I. Some boxes are stands.  II. Some drawers are stands. III. Some drawers are containers. IV. Some boxes are pens.

A.  Only I & II follow

B.  Only II & III follow

C.  Only I, II and III follow

D.  All follow

E.  None of these

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

Only I, II and III follow



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Statements: All paints are colours. Some colours are brands. Some brands are certificates. All certificates are degrees. Conclusions: I. Some brands are degrees. II. Some certificates are colours. III. Some colours are paints. IV. No paint is degree.

A.  None follows

B.  Only I follows

C.  Only III follows

D.  Only either I or II follows

E.  None of these

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

None of these



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Statements: Some files are covers. All covers are keys. All keys are locks. Some locks are doors. Conclusions: I. Some doors are keys. II. Some doors are covers.III. All keys are covers. IV. Some doors are files.

A.  None follows

B.  Only I follows

C.  Only II follows

D.  Only II & III follow

E.  None of these

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

None follows



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Statements: Some desks are chairs. All chairs are tables. All tables are computers. All computers are phones. Conclusions: I. Some phones are desks II. Some computers are chairs. III. All tables are phones. IV. Some desks are tables.

A.  Only II & IV follow

B.  Only I & II follow

C.  Only I, II & III follow

D.  Only III follows

E.  None of these

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

None of these



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group

A.  Copper

B.  Mercury

C.  Iron

D.  Aluminium

E.  Zinc

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

Mercury



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Statements: Some bricks are stones. Some stones are rocks. All rocks are clay. No clay is sand. Conclusions: I. Some stones are clay. II. Some bricks are sand. III. Some rocks are sand. IV. No brick is sand

A.  None follows

B.  Only either II or IV follows

C.  Only I and either II or IV follow

D.  Only II & IV follow

E.  None of these

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

Only I and either II or IV follow



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Which of the following groups of persons has the first person sitting between the next two?

A.  LKN

B.  QFL

C.  JHR

D.  JHF

E.  None of these

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

JHR



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Statements: All benches are cots. No cot is lamp. Some lamps are candles. Conclusions : (I) Some cots are benches. (II) Some candles are cots

A.  if only Conclusion I follow.

B.  if only Conclusion II follows.

C.  if either Conclusion I or II follows.

D.  if both Conclusions I nor H follows.

E.  if both Conclusions I and II follow.

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

if only Conclusion I follow.



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Statements : Some cats are dogs.All dogs are goats. All goats are walls. Conclusions : (I) Some walls are dogs. (II) Some walls are cats.

A.  if only Conclusion I follow.

B.  if only Conclusion II follows.

C.  if either Conclusion I or II follows.

D.  if both Conclusions I nor II follows.

E.  if both Conclusions I and II follow.

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

if both Conclusions I and II follow.



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Statements: Some buildings are sofas.Some sofas are benches. Some benches are tables. Conclusions : (I) Some table is sofa. (II) No table is sofa.

A.  if only Conclusion I follow.

B.  if only Conclusion II follows.

C.  if either Conclusion I or II follows.

D.  if both Conclusions I nor H follows.

E.  if both Conclusions I and II follow.

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

if either Conclusion I or II follows.



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Statements : All rats are bats. Some bats are desks. All desks are chairs. Conclusions (I). Some desks are rats. (II) Some chairs are rats

A.  if only Conclusion I follow.

B.  if only Conclusion II follows.

C.  if either Conclusion I or II follows.

D.  if both Conclusions I nor II follows.

E.  if both Conclusions I and II follow.

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

if both Conclusions I nor II follows.



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Should there be a ban on recruiting women employees in companies required to work in night shifts? I. No, the companies should instead arrange for transport up to the doorsteps of the employees. II. Yes, it is necessary in view of the increasing number of cases of rape/molestation and cheating.

A.  if only argument I is strong.

B.  if only argument II is strong.

C.  if either argument I or II is strong.

D.  if neither argument I nor II is strong.

E.  if both arguments I and II are strong.

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

if both arguments I and II are strong.



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Should all the Universities switch over to online admissions at all levels all over the country with immediate effect? I. No, all the students may not have easy access to internet. II. Yes, this will save the students and parents from all the hassles of visiting various colleges and standing in queue.

A.  if only argument I is strong.

B.  if only argument II is strong.

C.  if either argument I or II is strong.

D.  if neither argument I nor II is strong.

E.  if both arguments I and II are strong.

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

if only argument II is strong.



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Should the retirement age for employees of Central/State Govt. be increased by two years? I. Yes, this is required in view of the increasing longevity. II. Yes, experienced employees are more useful than the new recruits.

A.  if only argument I is strong.

B.  if only argument II is strong.

C.  if either argument I or II is strong.

D.  if neither argument I nor II is strong.

E.  if both arguments I and II are strong.

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

if only argument II is strong.



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Hrishikesh is a B.Com. Graduate with 58% marks and has done postgraduate diploma in Management with specialization in Personnel with 75% marks. He cleared the selection test with 60% marks and the interview with 62% marks. He had completed 24 years of age on 15th September 2007. He is willing to work anywhere in India.

A.  if the candidate is to be selected.

B.  if the data provided are inadequate to take a decision.

C.  if the case is to be referred to GM–HR.

D.  if the case is to be referred to ED.

E.   if the candidate is not to be selected

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

if the case is to be referred to GM–HR.



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Statement: Many people have encroached into the government property and built their houses and business establishments Courses of action: 1. The government should take immediate steps to remove all unauthorized constructions on government land 2.All the encroachers should immediately be put behind bars and also be slapped with a hefty fine.  

A.  if only course of action I follows.

B.  if only course of action II follows.

C.  if either course of action I or II follows.

D.  if neither course of action I nor II follows.

E.  if both courses of action I and II follow.

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

if only course of action I follows.



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Statement : The number of dropouts in government schools has significantly increased in the urban areas over the past few years. Courses of action :I. The government should immediately close down all such schools in the urban areas where the dropout goes beyond 20 percent. II. The parents of all the students who dropped out of the government schools in urban areas should be punished.

A.  if only course of action I follows.

B.  if only course of action II follows.

C.  if either course of action I or II follows.

D.  if neither course of action I nor II follows.

E.  if both courses of action I and II follow.

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

if neither course of action I nor II follows.



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Statement : Many people fell ill after consuming meal at a wedding reception and were rushed to the nearby government and private hospitals. Assumptions:1. The relatives of the afftected people may refuse to take them to the Government hospitals. 2.The nearby hospitals may be able to attend to all the afftected people.

A.  If only Assumption I is implicit.

B.  If only Assumption II is implicit.

C.  If either Assumption I or II is implicit

D.  If neither Assumption I nor II is implicit

E.  If both Assumption I and II are implicit.

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

If only Assumption II is implicit.



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Statement : The government has recently announced incentive package for setting up new business ventures in the rural areas and promised uninterrupted power supply to all the units Assumptions :I. The government may be able to supply adequate power to all such units.  II. People living in the rural areas may welcome the government decision.

A.  If only Assumption I is implicit.

B.  If only Assumption II is implicit.

C.  If either Assumption I or II is implicit

D.  If neither Assumption I nor II is implicit

E.  If both Assumption I and II are implicit.

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

If both Assumption I and II are implicit.



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Statement : The municipal authority blocked movement of traffic in and around the temple during the main festival city. Assumptions: 1.Very large number of devotees may visit the temple during the main festival day. 2. People travelling to the areas near the temple may postpone their journey by a day unless s instructed all the they have very urgent work in that area.

A.  If only Assumption I is implicit.

B.  If only Assumption II is implicit.

C.  If either Assumption I or II is implicit

D.  If neither Assumption I nor II is implicit

E.  If both Assumption I and II are implicit.

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

If both Assumption I and II are implicit.



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question

Statement : The government has instructed all the private schools in the city to maintain the current fees for atleast two more years. Assumptions: 1.The authorities of private schools may not follow the government instruction as they are not depended on government funds. 2.The parents of the students of private schools of the city may still be eager to pay higher fees.

A.  If only Assumption I is implicit.

B.  If only Assumption II is implicit.

C.  If either Assumption I or II is implicit

D.  If neither Assumption I nor II is implicit

E.  If both Assumption I and II are implicit.

View Answer  

Correct Answer :

If neither Assumption I nor II is implicit



Explanation :
No Explanation available for this question