Reasoning - Arguments

Choosing The Analogous Pair Border: Country

A.  Pen: Cap

B.  Book: Cover

C.  Handle: Spade

D.  Frame: Picture

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Buffalo is to Leather as Llama is to…….?

A.  Wool

B.  Meat

C.  Silk

D.  Fur

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Statement:should one close relative of a retiring government employee b egiven a job in government in India? Arguments: I.yes, where else will the relative get a job like this? II.No,it will close doors of government services to competent and needy youth

A.  If only argument I is strong

B.  If only argument II is strong

C.  If either argument I or II is strong

D.  If neither argument I nor II is strong

E.  If both argument I and II are strong

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india has developed perspective plan to reduce by 10% the number of cases of disabled persons

A.  If the inference is ‘definitely true’, i.e., it properly follows from the statements of facts given.

B.  if the inference is ‘Probably true’ through not ‘definitely true’ in the light of the facts given

C.  if the ‘data are inadequate’, i.e., rom the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false

D.  if the inference is ’Probably false’, though not ‘definitely false’ in the light of the facts given; and

E.  if the inference is ‘definitely false’, i.e., it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given for it contradicts the given facts

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Statement:should the practice of transfer of clerical cadre employees from one city to another government office be stopped? Arguments: I.No, transfer of employees is a routine administrative matter and we must continue it II.Yes, it involves lot of governmental expenditure and inconvenience to many compared to the benefits it yields.

A.  If only argument I is strong

B.  If only argument II is strong

C.  If either argument I or II is strong

D.  If neither argument I nor II is strong

E.  If both argument I and II are strong

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Statements: Some buildings are houses. All houses are bungalows. Some bungalows are tower Conclusions: I. some towers are buildings II. All houses are towers

A.  Give answer (1) if only conclusion I follow.

B.  Give answer (2) if only conclusion II follows

C.  Give answer (3) if either conclusion I or conclusion II follows

D.  Give answer (4) if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.

E.  Give answer (5) if both conclusion I and conclusion II follow.

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Pointing to a man a woman said,” His mother is the only daughter of my mother.” How is the woman related to the man?

A.  Mother

B.  Daughter

C.  Sister

D.  Grandmother

E.  None of these

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The growth in core sector in the recent past was much below 4 per cent

A.  If the inference is ‘definitely true’, i.e., it properly follows from the statements of facts given.

B.  if the inference is ‘Probably true’ through not ‘definitely true’ in the light of the facts given

C.  if the ‘data are inadequate’, i.e., rom the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false

D.  if the inference is ’Probably false’, though not ‘definitely false’ in the light of the facts given; and

E.  if the inference is ‘definitely false’, i.e., it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given for it contradicts the given facts

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the pollution level in the westeren world is considerably more than that in india.

A.  If the inference is ‘definitely true’, i.e., it properly follows from the statements of facts given.

B.  if the inference is ‘Probably true’ through not ‘definitely true’ in the light of the facts given

C.  if the ‘data are inadequate’, i.e., rom the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false

D.  if the inference is ’Probably false’, though not ‘definitely false’ in the light of the facts given; and

E.  if the inference is ‘definitely false’, i.e., it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given for it contradicts the given facts

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The asbestos industries in India are located in a few metropolitan pockets only

A.  If the inference is ‘definitely true’, i.e., it properly follows from the statements of facts given.

B.  if the inference is ‘Probably true’ through not ‘definitely true’ in the light of the facts given

C.  if the ‘data are inadequate’, i.e., rom the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false

D.  if the inference is ’Probably false’, though not ‘definitely false’ in the light of the facts given; and

E.  if the inference is ‘definitely false’, i.e., it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given for it contradicts the given facts

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The world trade conditions have major impact on indian econoy.

A.  If the inference is ‘definitely true’, i.e., it properly follows from the statements of facts given.

B.  if the inference is ‘Probably true’ through not ‘definitely true’ in the light of the facts given

C.  if the ‘data are inadequate’, i.e., rom the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false

D.  if the inference is ’Probably false’, though not ‘definitely false’ in the light of the facts given; and

E.  if the inference is ‘definitely false’, i.e., it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given for it contradicts the given facts

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should there be a complete ban on use of pesticides in agricultural sector? Arguments: I.Yes, this the only way to save the underground water from getting polluted with such dangerous chemicals. II.No this will adversely affect the agriculture production and the pests will damage the crops.

A.  If only argument I is strong

B.  If only argument II is strong

C.  If either argument I or II is strong

D.  If neither argument I nor II is strong

E.  If both argument I and II are strong

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Tiff is to Battle as Frugal is to……….?

A.  Sprint

B.  Vague

C.  Miserly

D.  Vital

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statement: should system of offering jobs only to wards of government employees be introduced in all governments offices in india. Arguments: I.no, it denies opportunity to many deserving individuals and government may stand loose in the long run. II.No, it is against the principle of equality and does government not owe responsibility to all its citizens?

A.  If only argument I is strong

B.  If only argument II is strong

C.  If either argument I or II is strong

D.  If neither argument I nor II is strong

E.  If both argument I and II are strong

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Statement:should all education be made free for girls and women of all ages in India? Arguments: I.no, this will weaken our present social struct lure II. yes, this is the only way to bring back glory to Indian womanhood

A.  If only argument I is strong

B.  If only argument II is strong

C.  If either argument I or II is strong

D.  If neither argument I nor II is strong

E.  If both argument I and II are strong

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37. Statement: The company ‘X’ has rejected first lot of valves supplied by company ‘A’ and has cancelled its entire huge order quoting use of inferior-quality material and poor craftsmanship Courses of action I.The company ‘A’ needs to investigate functioning of it purchase, production and quality control departments II.The company ‘A’ should inspect all the valves rejected by company ‘X’ III.The company ‘A’ should inform Company ‘X’ that steps have been taken for improvement and renegotiate schedule of supply

A.  Only I and II

B.  Only II

C.  All I, II and III

D.   II and either I or III

E.  None of these

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Statements: All coconuts are plams. Some plams are pines All pines are ferns. Conclusions: I. some ferns are coconuts. II. Some ferns are plams.

A.  Give answer (1) if only conclusion I follow

B.  Give answer (2) if only conclusion II follows

C.  Give answer (3) if either conclusion I or conclusion II follows

D.  Give answer (4) if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows

E.  Give answer (5) if both conclusion I and conclusion II follow.

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Statement:should purchase of glod by individual be restricted in India to improve its foreign exchange position? Arguments: I.yes, interference on customers’ right and freedom is desirable II. No, business interest has to be guarded first

A.  If only argument I is strong

B.  If only argument II is strong

C.  If either argument I or II is strong

D.  If neither argument I nor II is strong

E.  If both argument I and II are strong

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Statement: The company has recently announced a series of incentives to the employees who are punctual and sincere. Assumptions: I. Those who are not punctual at present may get motivated by the announcement. II. The productivity of the company may increase. III. The profit earned by the company may be more than the amount to be spent for the incentive programmes

A.  Only I and II are implicit

B.  None is implicit

C.  Only II and III are implicit

D.  All are implicit

E.  None of these.

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Abhijit Shukla is a first class graduate in Fine Arts passed out in 2003 with 71% marks. Thereafter, he has completed post graduation in Fine Arts with specialization in Applied Art from a reputed Institute and completed in 2005 with 75% marks. His date of birth is 1.7.1984. He has secured 55% marks in Selection test as well as in interview.

A.  the candidate is to be selected.

B.  the information provided is inadequate to take a decision.

C.  the case is to be referred to Visualizer.

D.  the case is to be referred to Design Editor.

E.   the candidate is not to be selected

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Choosing The Analogous Pair Agreenment: Dissent

A.  Touchdown: Penalty

B.  Latituse:Resistence

C.  Schism: Diverge

D.  Impasse: Concede

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Statement:The vegetable traders feel that the prices of onion will again go up shortly in the state P. Course of action I.The ‘P’ state government should purchase and store sufficient quantity onion in advance to control price II.The ‘P’ state government should make available network of fair price shops for the sale of onions during period of shortage

A.  if only I follows

B.  if only II follows

C.  if either I or II follows

D.  if neither I or II follows

E.  if both I and II follows

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Statement: It has been reported that a large number of old-age people live near the airport and they are suffering from hearing problem Course of action I.The people who are living near the airport should be transferred to other areas immediately II.The airport authority should train the old-age people living near the airport to cope with noise pollution

A.  If only I follows

B.  If only II follows

C.  If either I or II follows

D.  If neither I or II follows

E.  If both I and II follow

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Sneha was 26 years old as on 3rd March, 2000. she has secured 75% marks in post-graduation in chemistry and she is ready to pay ? 1,00,000 at the time of admission. She has secured 72% marks in graduation in engineering and the entrance test

A.  if the candidate is to be admitted

B.  if the candidate is not to be admitted

C.  if the case is to be referred to the director

D.  if the case is to be referred to the admission coordinator

E.  if data are inadequate

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Rohan Maskare was born on 8th March 1974. He has been working in a bank for the past twelve years after completing his B Com degree with 70 percent marks. He has secured 50p'ercent marks in both the Group Discussion and the Interview.

A.  if the case is to be referred to the Executive Director.

B.  if the case is to be referred to the General Manager-Advances.

C.  if the data are inadequate to take a decision.

D.  if the candidate is not to be selected.

E.  if the candidate is to be selected

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Rajesh Chavan is an Arts graduate passed in first class with 61% marks. He has also completed M.A. in English with 62% marks. His SSC score was 78%; He has cleared the selection test with 56% and interview-with 54% marks. His date of birth is 25.3.1984. He has completed a diploma course in computers.

A.  if the candidate is to be selected.

B.  if the candidate is not to be selected.

C.  if the data is inadequate to take a decision.

D.  if the case is to be referred to the Vice President of the company.

E.  if the case is to be referred to the General Manager (recruitment) of the company.

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Sneha Das is a graduate passed in first class with 52% marks. Thereafter she did post graduation in Fine Arts with specialization in Applied Art with 62% marks. She has cleared selection test and interview with 62%, and 63% marks respectively. She is working with advertising agency for last 3 years after completing MFA. Her date of birth is 18.1 0. 1984.

A.  the candidate is to be selected.

B.  the information provided is inadequate to take a decision.

C.  the case is to be referred to Visualizer.

D.  the case is to be referred to Design Editor.

E.   the candidate is not to be selected

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shekhar agarwal has securd 58 percent and 85 percent marks in the XIIth std and in the entrance test respectively. he was born on 11th january1982. he can pay ?20,000 at the time of admission.

A.  if the student is to be admitted.

B.  if the case is to be referred to president, admission.

C.  if the case is to be referred to dean of the college.

D.  if the data are not adequate to take the decision.

E.  if the student is not to be admitted

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Sunil Chopra has secured 55 per cent and 75 per cent marks in XII Std and in the entrance test respectively. He was born on 10th November 1982. He can pay ? 20,000 at the time of admission

A.  if the student is to be admitted.

B.  if the case is to be referred to president, admission.

C.  if the case is to be referred to dean of the college.

D.  if the data are not adequate to take the decision.

E.  if the student is not to be admitted

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divyen is an exceptionally brilliant wicket keeper. He has to his credit 22 stumpings and 20 catches while representing his state in national level matches for consecutive 4 years. His first century was while he was leading his college team to win in February 1991 at the age of 16 years. He will be able to pay Rs. 15,000 and monthly dues. Before playing for the state he playes many matches for his college.

A.  Membership is not to be given

B.  Membership be given-satisfies only(iv)

C.  Membership be given-satisfies (ii) & (iv)

D.  Membership be given-satisfies(i) & (iv)

E.  None of these

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